September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 29

ten used is to argue that inequities
are not the central issue. Rather,
improving service delivery to disadvantaged
groups - even if the
strategy does nothing to alleviate
inequalities - is a legitimate compensatory
equity strategy.
Equality
The equality perspective perhaps
stems from Thomas Jefferson's iconic
phrase in the Declaration of Independence:
" all men are created equal, "
and the 14th Amendment's clause
guaranteeing all citizens " the equal
protection of the laws. "
Adoption of the equality operationalization
of equity directs that
policy and service delivery decisions
should deliver equal annual
appropriations and services to all
groups and areas. However, if they
are applied to existing patterns of
service delivery that are perceived
to be inequitable, then they merely
reinforce existing inequities. This
was illustrated by an analysis of the
use of Proposition K funds in Los
Angeles. These funds generated $25
million per year for 30 years from a
designated property tax to alleviate
inadequacies in underfunded areas.
An evaluation of the program
(tinyurl.com/96hbummr) based primarily
on geographic information
system analyses concluded:
Low-income and concentrated
poverty areas as well as neighborhoods
dominated by Latinos, African
Americans and Asian-Pacific
Islanders, have dramatically lower
levels of access to park resources
than [w]hite dominated areas of
the city. Proposition K funding
patterns often exacerbate rather
than ameliorate existing inequalities
in park and open space resource
distributions in the [c]ity,
since much of the funding was
invested in improvements to existing
facilities.... Much of the $25
million a year was not allocated to
the areas where it is most needed.
In next month's column, we
will explore the market/benefit
equity and demand interpretations
of equity.
John L. Crompton, Ph.D., is a University Distinguished
Professor, Regents Professor and Presidential Professor for
Teaching Excellence in the Department of Recreation, Park
and Tourism Sciences at Texas A&M University and an
elected Councilmember for the City of College Station
(jcrompton@tamu.edu).
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| Parks & Recreation
29
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September 2021 - Parks & Recreation

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of September 2021 - Parks & Recreation

September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - Intro
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - Cover1
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - Cover2
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 1
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 2
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 3
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 4
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 5
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 6
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 6a
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 6b
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 7
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 8
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 9
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 10
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 11
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 12
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 13
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 14
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 15
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 16
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 17
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 18
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 19
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 20
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 21
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 22
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 23
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 24
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 25
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 26
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 27
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 28
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 29
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 30
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 31
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 32
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 33
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 34
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 35
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 36
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 37
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 38
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 39
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 40
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 41
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 42
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 43
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September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 45
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 46
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 47
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 48
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 49
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 50
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 51
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 52
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 53
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 54
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 55
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 56
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 57
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 58
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 59
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 60
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 61
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 62
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 63
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 64
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 65
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 66
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 67
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 68
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September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 70
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 71
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 72
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - Cover3
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - Cover4
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2021
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com