September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 28

FINANCE FOR THE FIELD
How Does Your City Interpret
Equity? (Part One)
The compensatory equity and equality perspectives
E
quity (i.e., fairness) in allocation of resources and services can
be operationalized in four different ways: compensatory equity,
equality, market/benefit equity and demand. The principles underlying
each of them are very different. Which of them does your
city embrace? This month's column describes the first two of these operationalizations.
The second two will be addressed in next month's column.
Compensatory Equity
NRPA's equity pillar states, " We
must put equity at the center of all
we do. " Many interpret the intent
of the pillar to be that economically
disadvantaged groups, areas or
individuals should receive extra increments
of services beyond those
delivered to the rest of a community.
Thus, an unequal amount of
expenditures are allocated to personnel,
equipment, facilities and
services for those residents.
This is a social goal. Its advocates
argue that people who are
disadvantaged by receiving a relatively
small amount of resources
through the market mechanism of
the private sector should receive
more resources from the public
sector to facilitate their access to
basic services. This perspective
views park and recreation services
as one of the vehicles for intentionally
alleviating inequities in
service access that may exist in
disadvantaged areas.
The implied expectation is that
additional increments of resources
will result in more equal outcomes.
This may be measured, for example,
by achieving similar participation
rates in recreation activities in
all groups/areas in a city. However,
providing additional resources
does not necessarily mean that all
sections of the community will use
them. It is important to differentiate
between whether people should
participate
(equal outcomes)
or
should be able to participate (equal
opportunity).
While compensatory equity is
conceptually appealing to many
in the park and recreation field,
three factors make it challenging to
operationalize.
First,
disadvantaged
is
establishing
criteria that defines who or which
areas of a community qualify as
economically
likely to be controversial.
Second, it is difficult to measure
recreation
benefits and compare
them across different groups/areas.
Third, the magnitude of the cost
needed to raise the engagement levels
of disadvantaged, relatively unresponsive
target groups is likely to
be both substantial and unknown.
An analogy with the education system
helps illustrate this challenge.
Students are not guaranteed equal
outcomes in terms of skill acquisition,
grades or knowledge. Rather, it
is expected that they will be guaranteed
equal opportunity to learn.
Placed in the context of parks
and recreation, the above example
suggests that equity should not be
measured by the number of people
in an area who visit a park. Instead,
it should be measured by the number
of residents who live within
walking distance of a park.
For elected officials and administrators
who often justify their
" success " by how many are served
or the cost per participant, committing
to
compensatory
equity
is daunting. In these contexts, a
politically palatable approach ofEquity
(i.e., fairness) in allocation
of resources and services can be
operationalized in four different ways:
compensatory equity, equality, market/
benefit equity and demand.
28 Parks & Recreation | SEP T EMBER 2 0 2 1
| PARK S ANDRECRE AT ION . OR G
FINANCE FOR THE FIELD

September 2021 - Parks & Recreation

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of September 2021 - Parks & Recreation

September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - Intro
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - Cover1
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - Cover2
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 1
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 2
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 3
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 4
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 5
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 6
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 6a
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 6b
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 7
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 8
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 9
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 10
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 11
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 12
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 13
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 14
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 15
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 16
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 17
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 18
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 19
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 20
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 21
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 22
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 23
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 24
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 25
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 26
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 27
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 28
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 29
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 30
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 31
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 32
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 33
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 34
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 35
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 36
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 37
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 38
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 39
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 40
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 41
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 42
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 43
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 44
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 45
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 46
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 47
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 48
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 49
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 50
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 51
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 52
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 53
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 54
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 55
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 56
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 57
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 58
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 59
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 60
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 61
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 62
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 63
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 64
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 65
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 66
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 67
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 68
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 69
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 70
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 71
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 72
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - Cover3
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - Cover4
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2021
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com