September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 10

WE ARE PARKS AND RECREATION
Remembering 9/11: The Legacy of Flight 93
By Julie Du Brow
W
hat was once an abandoned coal mine is now forever transformed
into a land of commemoration, heroism and healing.
This is the legacy of the Flight 93 National Memorial.
Twenty years ago, on September 11, 2001, the United
States came under attack when four commercial airliners departing from
airports on the East Coast were hijacked and used to strike targets on the
ground. After a delayed departure, United Airlines Flight 93 carrying 33
passengers, seven crew members and four hijackers departed Newark International
Airport in New Jersey en route to San Francisco. Approximately
45 minutes into the flight, the plane changed course near Cleveland, Ohio,
and was redirected southeast toward Washington, D.C. After action was
taken by the passengers and crew members to overtake the hijackers, Flight
93 crashed a few minutes after 10 a.m. into a reclaimed coal strip mine near
the town of Shanksville in Somerset County, Pennsylvania. Everyone on
board was killed. An attack on the nation's capital was prevented.
On September 24, 2002, Congress
passed the Flight 93 National Memorial
Act to commemorate the passengers
and crew on board the flight.
The memorial design was developed
through a public competition that
garnered more than 1,100 entries.
Following a two-stage competition
process, the selected design was announced
on September 7, 2005. The
project was then contracted through
the National Park Service to develop
the memorial design and integrate it
with the requirements of a national
The Flight 93 National
Memorial features the
93-foot-tall Tower of
Voices honoring the 40
passengers and crew
members.
park through a phased master plan.
" The traumas that happened on
this land cannot and should not be
forgotten, " states Paul Murdoch, architect
of the Flight 93 memorial. " It
has been an incredible honor to design
a space that helps us to remember
and to heal. It is my hope that the
Flight 93 National Memorial will always
memorialize the heroic legacies
of the passengers and crew members
and be a teaching tool to future generations
asking, 'What can you do to
strengthen democracy?' "
The Flight 93 National Memorial
is now a 2,200-acre national
park site. The design transforms
the site, a former coal mine, into
a landscape of environmental and
symbolic healing.
Upon entering the park, visitors
first see the 93-foot-tall Tower of
Voices that introduces the memorial
theme. The Tower of Voices features
40 tuned, wind-activated chimes that
serve as a long-lasting remembrance
of the brave voices of the 40 passen10
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gers and crew members.
The memorial landscape moves
visitors through a composition of
open spaces defined by site walls,
plantings, walkways and courts,
gateways, and building elements.
The Field of Honor sits at the heart
of the memorial landscape. Along
the perimeter, memorial features
include the Visitor Center, 40 Memorial
Groves with a Red Maple
Allée, the Wall of Names and Memorial
Plaza, the Arrival Court
and Gateway, the Sacred Ground,
the Western Overlook and the restored
wetlands.
The plane crashed at the edge of
this open field, burning many of the
surrounding hemlock trees. The distinct
structure of the trees inspired
the design motif expressed in materials
throughout the memorial.
Every aspect of the memorial
landscape repairs damaged land
and water, from the restoration of
meadows and wetlands to the remediation
of soil and the planting of
diverse native tree species.
Nearly two decades in the making,
the Flight 93 National Memorial
transforms this land of trauma
into one of emotional healing,
while signifying the strengths and
sacrifices made by the heroes on
Flight 93. The design and structure
of the memorial expresses the spirit
of the memorial's mission statement
preamble: " A common field
one day. A field of honor forever. "
Thank you to Paul Murdoch Architects
for contributing to this article.
Julie Du Brow is Principal of dubroWorks
(julie@dubroworks.com).
PHOTO COURTESY OF ERIC STAUDENMAIER
AND PAUL MURDOCH ARCHITECTS

September 2021 - Parks & Recreation

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of September 2021 - Parks & Recreation

September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - Intro
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - Cover1
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - Cover2
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 1
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 2
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 3
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 4
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September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 6
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 6a
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 6b
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September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 9
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September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - Cover3
September 2021 - Parks & Recreation - Cover4
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2021
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https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2021
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