May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 38

CYBERSECURITY
Common Cyberthreats
Ransomware
A top offender in the municipality cyber
threat arena, ransomware is a type of
malware that takes sensitive information
then encrypts it so it can no longer
be accessed. A ransom is demanded
for the unlocking of the information.
While municipalities are subject to a
host of cybersecurity threats, ransomware
has been one of the top choices
for malicious attackers. Refusal to pay
ransomware demands have cost municipalities
dearly, with recovery costs
significantly higher than demand.
Malware
Software is unknowingly installed
on a machine that performs criminal
actions for another party.
Denial of Service Attack
This attack floods the target server
with traffic, disrupting or bringing
down the server.
Phishing
Phishing utilizes an email or link that
appears to be from a valid source. The
attacker uses the link to get the victim
to provide information, such as passwords
or credit card details.
Crypto Mining Malware or
Cryptojacking
This malware utilizes the host's
computer to mine cryptocurrencies,
38 Parks & Recreation | MAY 2 0 22 | PARK S ANDRECRE AT ION . OR G
such as bitcoin.
Trojan
An attack that misleads users of its
true intent to either steal personal
information or install malware.
Man-in-the-Middle Attack
An attack whereby the communication
between two parties is intercepted.
The attacker steals personal
information or credentials.
Brute Force
An attacker uses specifically designed
software to repeatedly attack
a system until a breach is made.
Next, the attacker installs malware.
Structured Query Language
(SQL) Injections
These attacks are specific to SQL
databases, typically executed from a
form on a webpage. If the webpage
has not been set up properly, data
that has been previously stored can
be altered, deleted or read.
Zero-Day Exploit
This type of attack typically uses a
defect in software that has not been
found and patched to enter a system
and install malware.
and constantly evolving, there are
best practices that can reduce risk
and minimize the impact if there is
a cyber breach. First and foremost,
adequate funding must be available
for cybersecurity. This includes
staffing, which may include agency
staff, as well as an outside cybersecurity
contractor. Failure to adequately
fund and staff cybersecurity
will almost certainly lead to adverse
cyber outcomes, which, in turn, will
lead to unnecessary and significant
costs to local governments. Donald
Norris notes in his article, " A Look
at Local Government Cybersecurity
in 2020, " that the top four barriers
to effective cybersecurity reported in
a 2016 nationwide survey were " inability
to pay competitive salaries to
cybersecurity employees (58.6 percent);
insufficient number of cybersecurity
staff (53.1 percent); lack of
funds (52.8 percent); and lack of adequately
trained staff (46 percent) "
(tinyurl.com/2s3ds3sx).
While funding is always a challenge,
the Infrastructure Investment
and Jobs Act that was signed by
President Joe Biden in November
2021, includes $1 billion for cybersecurity
in state, local, tribal and territorial
governments. This largestever
federal cybersecurity
grant
program could add much-needed
funds in a sector that could use it.
Finding cybersecurity personnel,
however, can be a complex process.
" We have a tremendous shortage of
talented security, " said Aidan Kehoe,
CEO at SKOUT Cybersecurity
in a video podcast. Further complicating
security, we have seen profound
changes in workplace settings
over the past two years. " You've
seen a massive expansion of people's
footprint that work from home,
so it's not nice and tidy inside a network
anymore, " which can lead to
an increase in cyberattacks.
http://www.tinyurl.com/2s3ds3sx

May 2022 - Parks & Recreation

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of May 2022 - Parks & Recreation

May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - Intro
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - Cover1
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - Cover2
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 1
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 2
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 3
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 4
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 5
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 6
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 7
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 8
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 8a
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 8b
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 9
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 10
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 11
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 12
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 13
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 14
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 15
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 16
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 17
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 18
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 19
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 20
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 21
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 22
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 23
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 24
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 25
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 26
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 27
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 28
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 29
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 30
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 31
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 32
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 33
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 34
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 35
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 36
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 37
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 38
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 39
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 40
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 41
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 42
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 43
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 44
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 45
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 46
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 47
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 48
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 49
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 50
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 51
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 52
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 53
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 54
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 55
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 56
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - Cover3
May 2022 - Parks & Recreation - Cover4
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2022
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2022
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2022
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2022
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2022
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2022
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2021
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com