March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 49

William Beam (front) and Christopher
Dunstan complete systematic observation
training in Catherine Street Park.
in December 2018 and 2019 is 0.7
to 0.8, respectively. This may seem
to be a small increase, but this is
an average from more than 1,400
momentary scans, or observations,
and does equate to a 14.3 percent
increase in the number of children
using the play spaces between preand
post-Parks Build Community
renovations. Again, the pandemic
observations of May 2021 showed
the greatest use with 2.1 children
per scan of play spaces at Catherine
Street Park, a three-fold increase
from December 2018. During the
same time, matched for weather and
days of the week, Harlem Square
Park experienced a 69.2 percent decrease
in child use of play spaces.
As the SOPARC form allows
the evaluator to specify the perceived
gender of each park user, we
are able to evaluate specifically if
there was an increase in girls using
Catherine Street Park after the renovation.
Having previously studied
kids' use of parks, gender differences
and safety (tinyurl.com/
yckjddhu, tinyurl.com/3ak6m54p),
we thought there may indeed be a
difference and were able to further
look at girls' (observed to be under
10 years of age) use of the two
parks. We found a more than fivefold
increase in the proportion of
girls per play space between 2018
and 2019; from 3.4 percent to 17.2
percent of the total users observed
in play spaces. In May 2021, the
proportion of girls under 10 years
of age increased to 25.5 percent
of all users (see Figure 2 on p. 48).
Harlem Square Park continued to
see declines in overall child use of
the park space between 2018 and
2021; girls were on average 20.4
percent, 20 percent and 1.1 percent
of users of the park.
Analyzing the Findings
Having just returned from Baltimore
and the December 2021 systematic
observations, we believe
the above findings will continue to
be supported: that Catherine Street
Park, post-Parks Build Community
renovation, is supporting increased
use by children, especially girls.
A major focus of the renovations
was upgraded and expanded playgrounds.
The comparison
playground
at Harlem Square Park has
not yet been upgraded and expanded.
We believe the combination of
new, colorful equipment and safer
sightlines
contributes
directly to
the increase in kids at Catherine
Street Park. The previous design
of Catherine Street Park placed the
restroom facility between the single
playground and the swing set. The
renovation provides a more open
and connected area for play with
three distinct play structures, plus
a swing set, all in front of the restroom
facility. In addition, there is
seating nearby and direct sightlines
from the added fitness equipment
and upgraded basketball court, another
popular play area.
During the COVID-19 pandemic,
there has been general increases in
park use, but these increases have
not been observed in every community.
In fact, we found that underresourced
communities actually saw
up to a 56 percent drop in park use
during the first year of the pandemic
(tinyurl.com/yha7nas9). The evaluation
numbers from Harlem Square
Park seem to correspond with this
drop, that even with the warmer
weather of May 2021, there was a
decrease in use compared to December
2018 and December 2019. However,
Catherine Street Park, with recent
investments and improvements
in an otherwise under-resourced
neighborhood, has bucked this trend
and shown increases in use, especially
among children. Though the
timing of this evaluation has been
challenging, the detailed measures
are providing opportunities to highlight
successes during the pandemic.
Moving forward in 2022, we will
continue systematic observations, as
well as introduce qualitative interviews
to provide context and stories
to the changes in use of Catherine
Street Park since 2018.
Thank you to
our Parks Build
Community Research Partner - BCI
Burke Company, LLC - for their generous
support, which has made this research
possible.
J. Aaron Hipp, Ph.D. (jahipp@ncsu.edu), William Beam
(wtbeam@ncsu.edu), Kat Deutsch (kdeutsc@ncsu.edu) and
Christopher Dunstan (cdunsta@ncsu.edu) are with the North
Carolina State University Department of Parks, Recreation and
Tourism Management and Center for Geospatial Analytics.
PARK S ANDRECRE AT ION . OR G | MARCH 2 0 22 | Parks & Recreation
49
PHOTO COURTESY OF J. AARON HIPP
https://www.tinyurl.com/yha7nas9 https://www.tinyurl.com/yckjddhu https://www.tinyurl.com/yckjddhu https://www.tinyurl.com/3ak6m54p

March 2022 - Parks & Recreation

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of March 2022 - Parks & Recreation

March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - Intro
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - Cover1
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - Cover2
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 1
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 2
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 3
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 4
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 5
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 6
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 7
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 8
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 9
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 10
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 11
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 12
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 13
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 14
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 15
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 16
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 17
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 18
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 19
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 20
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 21
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 22
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 23
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 24
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 25
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 26
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 27
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March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 30
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 31
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March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 34
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 35
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 36
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 37
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 38
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 39
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 40
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 41
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March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 45
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 46
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 47
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 48
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 49
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 50
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 51
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 52
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 53
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 54
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 55
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 56
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - Cover3
March 2022 - Parks & Recreation - Cover4
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2023
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2023
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2022
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2022
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2022
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2022
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2022
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2022
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2022
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2022
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2022
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2022
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2022
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2022
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2021
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com