April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 41

recovery following a climate event
or even, more recently, a global
health crisis
like the coronavirus
(COVID-19) pandemic. Hensley
says food deserts occur in these
communities because there aren't
enough accessible food sources,
like grocery stores, to serve the
population. Therefore, when a natural
disaster strikes, those living in
such areas struggle to find emergency
supplies and food staples to
tide them over until aid arrives.
For example, USA Today reported
that the Austin Justice Coalition
assisted more than 40 Austin families
affected by the February 2021
snowstorms by
delivering
food.
The coalition's director of housing
and community development, João
Paulo Connolly, told the news outlet
that approximately 90 percent
of those served were from Black
and Latino/Hispanic communities
(tinyurl.com/yck4wz7c).
The Environment
and Health
According to
acerbate underlying medical conditions,
increase stress, and lead
to adverse mental health effects, "
according to USGCRP.
" Climate change is thought to
be...this great multiplier. There are a
number of impacts to communities
of color, especially in urban areas, "
says Dr. Na'Taki Osborne Jelks,
assistant professor of environmental
and health sciences at Spelman
College in Atlanta. " Take Atlanta
as an example, when we look at the
climate projections and look at the
projected hazards over the next several
years up to the year 2050, we
see things like increased heat [and]
precipitation. Those are two things
that impact a place like Atlanta quite
a bit. " It's no wonder why the city
earns the nickname " Hotlanta. "
Given those projections, Dr.
the U.S.
Global
Change Research Program
(USGCRP): " The health and wellbeing
of Americans are already
affected by climate change, with
the adverse health consequences
projected to worsen with additional
climate change. Climate change
affects human health by altering
exposures to heat waves, floods,
droughts, and other extreme events;
vector-, food- and waterborne
infectious diseases; changes in the
quality and safety of air, food,
and water; and stresses to mental
health and well-being "
(tinyurl.
com/2p8zvfuk).
The frequency and severity of calamities,
such as wildfires, floods,
heavy rainfall and storm surge,
also can dramatically impact public
health. " These events can exOsborne
Jelks stresses the seriousness
of the urban heat island effect,
an occurrence whereby temperatures
in urbanized environments
(or built environments) measure
relatively hotter than rural environments.
" For instance, in one of the
projects that I'm currently helping
to co-lead is a project, called UrbanHeatATL
(urbanheatatl.org), which
is focused on mapping urban heat
islands across the Atlanta area and
understanding which communities
are hotter than others. We're looking
at whether or not [there's] green
infrastructure in place. Do we have
trees? Are there parks, open spaces
and green spaces in these communities
to help mitigate extreme heat?
Those are some of the ways that
people are impacted, " she says.
The public health implications
due to unseasonably hot temperatures
are immense. Dr. Osborne
Jelks notes from a climate perspective,
extreme heat is among
the highest killers in the country.
" That's something that maybe a lot
of folks don't know, " she says.
According to a 2021 study published
by Nature Communications
(tinyurl.com/bdem7u3h),
in
the
United States, heat-related mortality
accounts for approximately 1,500
deaths per year, which is more than
other severe climate events. Heat
exposure also poses health risks,
such as heat cramps, heat stroke
and heat exhaustion, according to
the Centers for Disease Control
and Prevention (CDC) (tinyurl.
com/3wnd97y9).
" Climate change is thought to
be...this great multiplier. There
are a number of impacts to
communities of color, especially
in urban areas. "
The study also reveals that people
of color are at a higher exposure
risk to urban heat island effects
compared to non-Hispanic
whites in 97 percent of major U.S.
cities. What's more, those most
vulnerable to heat-related illnesses,
according to Dr. Osborne Jelks,
are people living on fixed incomes,
who perhaps aren't living in homes
with air conditioning or are living
in dwellings whereby the system is
not working.
Global warming also contributes
to a lengthening of the pollen
season, especially in cities like Atlanta.
According to Dr. Osborne
Jelks, this generally happens when
we experience hot, or even mild,
temperatures during the winter
months - causing plants and trees
to bloom earlier than usual. This
impacts people who suffer from allergies
and even asthma, she notes.
" And with the warmer temperatures
in areas that were traditionally
a little bit cooler, we're seeing a
PARK S ANDRECRE AT ION . OR G | APRIL 2 0 22 | Parks & Recreation
41
http://www.tinyurl.com/bdem7u3h http://tinyurl.com/3wnd97y9 http://tinyurl.com/3wnd97y9 http://www.tinyurl.com/yck4wz7c http://www.urbanheatatl.org http://tinyurl.com/2p8zvfuk http://tinyurl.com/2p8zvfuk

April 2022 - Parks & Recreation

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of April 2022 - Parks & Recreation

April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - Intro
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - Cover1
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - Cover2
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 1
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 2
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 3
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 4
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 5
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 6
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 7
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 8
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 9
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 10
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 11
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 12
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 13
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 14
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 15
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 16
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 17
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 18
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 19
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 20
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 21
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 22
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 23
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 24
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 25
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 26
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 27
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 28
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 29
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 30
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 31
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 32
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 33
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 34
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 35
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 36
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 37
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 38
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 39
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 40
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 41
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 42
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 43
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 44
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 45
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 46
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 47
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 48
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 49
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 50
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 51
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 52
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 53
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 54
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 55
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - 56
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - Cover3
April 2022 - Parks & Recreation - Cover4
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2022
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2022
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2022
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2022
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2022
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2022
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2022
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2022
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2021
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