April 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 13

By designing parks to anticipate maintenance and operations changes and
needs, cities can help people engage
with public spaces while supporting the
staff who care for them.

plant beds. New trees planted in the
lawn with each one surrounded by
a small mulch circle can protect the
young bark from mower damage.
Consider historical context
and design integrity. Many
older parks in New York City have
intact designs with historical significance. For capital projects in these
historic parks, we consider the original design, giving careful study to
the spacing, forms and arrangements
of the original design features. This
analysis guides the design approach.
When working in such landscapes,
the contemporary designer should
be aware of this design history and
use it to create continuity between
past and present. An excellent example of this principle at work can be
seen in the recent redesign of Rainey Park, which, while being wholly

3

contemporary, is rooted in the design
vocabulary of the past.
Protect existing trees and increase the urban tree canopy.
The addition of new trees generates
multiple benefits, including the increase of human comfort, reduction
in urban heat island effect, uptake of
stormwater and improvement in air
quality. Landscape architects design
new park sites carefully to protect the
critical root zones of existing trees,
often opening larger areas of soil
around the tree in previously paved
spaces. New trees are sited strategically, paying attention to sun patterns, so
there is shade throughout the day on
benches, pavements and play areas.
Support
biodiversity
and
enhance the proportion of
native species. Acres of city property

4

5

with important intact ecosystems are
protected in natural areas. Only native
plants are used when planting in these
areas. Elsewhere in the city, we are
working to increase the proportion
of native plants that will do well in
existing conditions. The Native Species
Planting Guide for New York City offers
a resource for using native plants
(tinyurl.com/y5mguusy).
Nancy Prince, RLA, ASLA, is Chief of Landscape Architecture
for the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation.
Judy Tung, RLA, is Senior Project Manager for Design for the
New York City Department of Parks and Recreation.

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Parks & Recreation

13


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April 2021 - Parks & Recreation

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of April 2021 - Parks & Recreation

April 2021 - Parks & Recreation - Cover1
April 2021 - Parks & Recreation - Cover2
April 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 1
April 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 2
April 2021 - Parks & Recreation - 3
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April 2021 - Parks & Recreation - Cover3
April 2021 - Parks & Recreation - Cover4
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2022
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2022
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2022
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2022
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2022
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2022
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2022
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2021
https://ezine.nrpa.org/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2021
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com